Twilight is a series of four vampire-based fantasy/romance novels by American author Stephenie Meyer. It charts a period in the life of Isabella "Bella" Swan, a teenage girl who moves to Forks, Washington and falls in love with a 104-year-old vampire named Edward Cullen. The series is told primarily from Bella's point of view, with the epilogue of Eclipse and Part II of Breaking Dawn being told from the viewpoint of character Jacob Black, a werewolf. The unpublished Midnight Sun is a retelling of the first book, Twilight, from Edward Cullen's point of view. Ever since the release of the first novel, Twilight, in 2005, the books have gained immense popularity and commercial success around the world. The series is most popular among young adults; the four books have won multiple awards, most notably the 2008 British Book Award for "Children's Book of the Year" for Breaking Dawn, while the series as a whole won the 2009 Kids' Choice Award for Favorite Book. As of August 2009, the series has sold over 70 million copies worldwide with translations into at least 38 different languages around the globe. The four Twilight books have consecutively set records as the biggest selling novels of 2008 on the USA Today Best-Selling Books list and has spent over 102 weeks on the New York Times Best Seller list for Children's Series Books. Thus far, the first three books are being made into a series of motion pictures by Summit Entertainment; the film adaptation of Twilight was released in 2008 and the second, New Moon, is set to be released on November 20, 2009. Twilight
Bella Swan moves from Phoenix, Arizona to live with her father in Forks, Washington to allow her mother to travel with her new husband, a minor league baseball player. After moving to Forks, Bella finds herself involuntarily drawn to a mysterious, handsome boy, Edward Cullen. She eventually learns that he is a member of a vampire family who drinks animal blood rather than human. Edward and Bella fall in love, but James, a sadistic vampire from another coven, is drawn to hunt down Bella. Edward and the other Cullens defend Bella. She escapes to Phoenix, Arizona, where she is tricked into confronting James, who tries to kill her. She is seriously wounded, but Edward rescues her and they return to Forks, having killed James. New Moon
Edward and his family leave Forks because he believes he is endangering Bella's life. Bella falls into a deep depression, until she develops a strong friendship with werewolf Jacob Black. Jacob and the other werewolves in his tribe must protect her from Victoria, a vampire seeking to avenge her mate James' death, by killing Bella. A misunderstanding occurs, and Edward believes Bella is dead. Edward decides to commit suicide in Volterra, Italy, but he is stopped by Bella, who is accompanied by Edward's sister, Alice. They meet with the Volturi, a powerful coven of vampires, and are released on the condition that Bella be turned into a vampire in the near future. Bella and Edward are reunited, and she and the Cullens return to Forks. Eclipse
The vampire Victoria (James's mate from Twilight) has created an army of "newborn" vampires to battle the Cullen family and murder Bella for revenge. Meanwhile, Bella is impelled to choose between her relationship with Edward and her friendship with Jacob. Edward's vampire family and Jacob's werewolf pack join forces to successfully destroy Victoria and her vampire army. In the end, Bella chooses Edward's love over Jacob's and agrees to marry him. Breaking Dawn
Bella and Edward are married, but their honeymoon is cut short when Bella discovers that she is pregnant. Her pregnancy progresses rapidly, severely weakening her. She nearly dies giving birth to her and Edward's half-vampire-half-human daughter, Renesmee, but Edward injects Bella with his venom to save her life by turning her into a vampire. A vampire from another coven sees Renesmee and mistakes her for an "immortal child". She informs the Volturi, as the existence of such beings violates vampire law. The Cullens gather vampire witnesses who can verify that Renesmee is not an immortal child. After an intense confrontation, the Cullens and their witnesses convince the Volturi that the child poses no danger to vampires or their secret, and they are left in peace by the Volturi. Main characters
Isabella "Bella" Swan – The protagonist of the series, teenager Bella is a perpetually clumsy "danger magnet", with dark brown hair and brown eyes. She is often portrayed as having low self-esteem and unable to comprehend Edward's love for her. She has an immunity to supernatural abilities involving the mind, such as Edward's mind-reading ability. After her transformation into a vampire in the saga's fourth installment, Bella acquires the ability to shield both herself and others from "mental harm" from other vampires. Edward Cullen – Edward is a vampire who lives with a coven of like-minded vampires known as the Cullen family, who feed on animals rather than humans. At first, Edward feels a mutual hatred toward Jacob Black because of his love for Bella, but in Breaking Dawn he comes to see Jacob as a brother and friend. Like some vampires, Edward has a supernatural ability, mind reading; it allows him to read anyone's thoughts within a few miles radius. Bella is immune to his power as a human, but learns how to lower this "shield" after her transformation to a vampire. Jacob Black – A minor character in the first novel, Jacob is introduced as a member of the Quileute tribe. He resurfaces in New Moon with a much larger role, becoming a werewolf and Bella's best friend as she struggles through her depression over losing Edward. Although he is in love with Bella, she initially sees him as just her best friend. In Eclipse Bella realizes that she loves Jacob as well, though this love is overpowered by her love for Edward Cullen. In Breaking Dawn, Jacob finds a soulmate in Bella and Edward's baby daughter, Renesmee, ridding him of his heartache for Bella. Setting The story is set primarily in the town of Forks, Washington, where Bella and her father, Charlie Swan, live. Other cities in Washington briefly appear in the series or are mentioned, such as Port Angeles, Olympia, Seattle and La Push. Some events in Twilight take place in Phoenix, Arizona, where Bella was raised. Volterra, Italy, is featured in New Moon, when Edward travels there to commit suicide and Bella rushes to save him. Jacksonville, Florida, is mentioned first in Twilight and second in Eclipse, when Edward and Bella visit Bella's mother, who has moved there with her new husband. Seattle, Washington, is featured in Breaking Dawn when Jacob tries to escape his love for Bella, and when Bella tries to locate a man named J. Jenks. Bella and Edward spend their honeymoon on a fictional "Isle Esme", purportedly off the coast of Brazil. Structure and genre The Twilight series falls under the genre of young adult, fantasy, and romance, though Meyer categorized her first book, Twilight, as "suspense romance horror comedy". However, she states that she considers her books as "romance more than anything else". The series explores the unorthodox romance between human Bella and vampire Edward, as well as the love triangle between Bella, Edward, and Jacob, a werewolf. The books avoid delving into provocative sex, drugs, and harsh swearing because, according to Meyer, "I don't think teens need to read about gratuitous sex." The books are written in first-person narrative, primarily through Bella's eyes with the epilogue of the third book and a part of the fourth book being from Jacob's point of view. When asked about the structure of the novel, Meyer described her difficulty to pinpoint the premise of the novels to any specific category: I have a hard time with that. Because if I say to someone, 'You know, it's about vampires,' then immediately they have this mental image of what the book is like. And it's so not like the other vampire books out there–Anne Rice's and the few that I've read. It isn't that kind of dark and dreary and blood-thirsty world. Then when you say, 'It's set in high school,' a lot of people immediately put it in another pool. It's easy to pigeonhole with different descriptions. The books are based on the vampire myth, but Twilight vampires differ in a number of particulars from the general vampire lore. For instance, Twilight vampires have strong piercing teeth rather than fangs; they glitter in sunlight rather than burn; and they can drink both animal blood as well as human blood. Meyer comments that her vampire mythology differs from that of other authors because she wasn't informed about the canon vampires, saying, It wasn't until I knew that Twilight would be published that I began to think about whether my vampires were too much the same or too much different from the others. Of course, I was far too invested in my characters at that point to be making changes... so I didn't cut out fangs and coffins and so forth as a way to distinguish my vampires; that's just how they came to me. Inspiration and themes According to the author, her books are "about life, not death" and "love, not lust". Each book in the series was inspired by and loosely based on a different literary classic: Twilight on Jane Austen's Pride and Prejudice, New Moon on Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet, Eclipse on Emily Brontë's Wuthering Heights, and Breaking Dawn on a second Shakespeare play, A Midsummer Night's Dream. Meyer also states that Orson Scott Card and L. M. Montgomery's Anne of Green Gables series are a big influence on her writing. Another key theme in the series is that of immortality. Once Bella learns that it is possible for her to become immortal, she sets her sights on this goal. While Edward tries to downplay the value of living indefinitely, for four books this becomes the key theme that drives the story forward, until Bella's eventual transformation into an immortal, non-aging vampire. Other major themes of the series include choice and free will. Meyer says that the books are centered around Bella's choice to choose her life on her own, and the Cullens' choices to abstain from killing rather than follow their temptations: "I really think that's the underlying metaphor of my vampires. It doesn't matter where you're stuck in life or what you think you have to do; you can always choose something else. There's always a different path." Meyer, a Mormon, acknowledges that her faith has influenced her work. In particular, she says that her characters "tend to think more about where they came from, and where they are going, than might be typical." Meyer also steers her work from subjects such as sex, despite the romantic nature of the novels. Meyer says that she does not consciously intend her novels to be Mormon-influenced, or to promote the virtues of sexual abstinence and spiritual purity, but admits that her writing is shaped by her values, saying, "I don't think my books are going to be really graphic or dark, because of who I am. There's always going to be a lot of light in my stories."[20
Origins and publishing history
An Arabic Twilight promotional poster in a bookshop in Dubai. By late 2009, the books had reportedly sold 100,000 copies in English across the UAE. Upon Twilight's initial publication, the book generally received positive reviews, which acted as a catalyst to spread its popularity. Seattle Post-Intelligencer called the book a "hot new teen novel", and The Times praised the book for capturing "perfectly the teenage feeling of sexual tension and alienation." Larry Carroll for MTV Movies deemed Edward and Bella "an iconic love story for a whole generation." Amazon.com hailed the book as "[d]eeply romantic and extraordinarily suspenseful", while School Library Journal stated, "Realistic, subtle, succinct, and easy to follow, Twilight will have readers dying to sink their teeth into it". Booklist said, "this dark romance is gripping", and Norah Piehl of TeenReads wrote, "Twilight is a gripping blend of romance and horror". Referring to the series' enduring popularity and fandom, USA Today said, "Move over, Harry Potter". In addition, Entertainment Weekly hailed Meyer as "the world's most popular vampire novelist since Anne Rice". The New York Times has described Twilight as a "literary phenomenon", and Matt Arado of Daily Herald noted that the Twilight books have become the "hottest publishing phenomenon since a certain bespectacled wizard cast his spell on the world." Lev Grossman of Time wrote that the books have a "pillowy quality distinctly reminiscent of Internet fan fiction", but still praised the series, comparing it to The Lord of the Rings and Harry Potter: People do not want to just read Meyer's books; they want to climb inside them and live there...There's no literary term for the quality Twilight and Harry Potter (and The Lord of the Rings) share, but you know it when you see it: their worlds have a freestanding internal integrity that makes you feel as if you should be able to buy real estate there. Outlining the anticipated release of Breaking Dawn, The Sunday Times called Twilight, "no ordinary vampire series – it boils with desire that all goes painfully unconsummated – and Meyer turns out to be far from an ordinary author". The Times wrote, "The vampires that sank their fangs into Harry Potter were born in the low desert of Arizona. They arrived in a dream, were immediately translated to paper, spread through the adolescent population like a virus and transmogrified into a publishing phenomenon." The San Diego Union-Tribune described the books as a "classic tale of undying love, one that has fans gushing about a Harry Potter-with-fangs global phenomenon." The Guardian described Meyer as an "imaginative storyteller, a prolific author and a newly powerful figure in the publishing market." Criticism Despite Twilight's popularity, the books have received some criticism. Stephen King stated, "the real difference [between Rowling and Meyer] is that Jo Rowling is a terrific writer, and Stephenie Meyer can't write worth a darn. She's not very good." Laura Miller of Salon.com wrote that "the characters, such as they are, are stripped down to a minimum, lacking the texture and idiosyncrasies of actual people", and said that "Twilight would be a lot more persuasive as an argument that an 'amazing heart' counts for more than appearances if it didn't harp so incessantly on Edward's superficial splendors." Miller also accused the series of sexism in its portrayal of female characters, most notably Bella Swan's obsessive behavior relating to Edward Cullen and the emphasis on his romantic hero status. Meyer has dismissed such criticisms, arguing both that the books center around Bella's choice, which she perceives as the foundation of modern feminism, and that Bella's damsel in distress persona is due only to her humanity. Film adaptations Main articles: Twilight (2008 film), New Moon (2009 film), and Eclipse (2010 film) A screenplay for Twilight was written by Melissa Rosenberg and has been adapted into a film by Summit Entertainment. The film was directed by Catherine Hardwicke, with Kristen Stewart and Robert Pattinson in the leading roles of Isabella Swan and Edward Cullen, respectively. The movie was released in the United States on November 21, 2008. Twilight: The Complete Illustrated Movie Companion, written by Mark Cotta Vaz, was released October 28. On November 22, 2008, following the box office success of Twilight, Summit Entertainment confirmed a sequel based on the second book in the series, New Moon which will go by the name of The Twilight Saga: New Moon. The film is scheduled for release on November 20, 2009.
Jednog kisnog dana Tea je setala ulicom grada. Bila je u mantilu i cizmama, koje nisu bile takve da bi je stitile od kise. Voljela je sa seta po kisi. Uvjek je govorila da joj pomaze da odkloni svakodnevne probleme.
Tea je bila ucenica, i imala je petnaest godina. Bila je odlican djak, dok nije srela njegove plave oci i dok jedno drugom nisu rekli "zdravo". Od tog dana su njeni vidjeli da se sa njom nesta desava. Pocela je da se sminka i oblaci suknje i haljine do tada je nisu mogli izvuci iz farmerki.
A onda je njen otac nasao Kristijanovu sliku u fijoki. Od tada nije smijela da izlazi napolje. Kada joj je kasnio autobus, roditelji joj nisu vjerovali.
Tea je svakoga dana bila tuznija i tuznija, nije ga mogla izbaciti iz glave, jer joj se pricestio za suze. Jos se nisu ni poznavali a znali su da pripadaju jedno drugome.
Zajedno su setali po kisi, a odmah bi Tea rekla "hajmo pod nase drvo". A onda bi dugo sjedili na klupi ispod drveta i pricali.
To je trajalo sest mijeseci.
Sest mijeseci sunca, ljubavi, nezaboravne ljubavi.
Onda su Teu poceli pratiti, a ona je razmisljala o samoci. Pocela je da prica Kristijanu, ali je on sve najmanje od nje krio. Zatim je sjedila u svojoj sobi i pokusavala da prica sa svojom majkom, ali ona nije marila za nju. Mama je progovorila sa Teom, a Tea je rekla "cujes li kako se lijepo i tiho cuje".
Kristijan je stalno cekao na klupi ispod drveta, ali Tea nije dolazila. Nije je bilo, i kad bi neko pitao za nju, svi su cutali.
Tea se potpuno promjenila. Drugarice su joj rekle da Kristijan odlazi iz grada. On govori "tu sam nasao i izgubio srecu".
Voz je kretao u 14.00 sati. Ona se vracala iz skole, nije otisla kuci vec na stanicu. Nasla je voz koji je trebao krenuti i nasla je i njega, pune oci suza. Vidio je Teu i iskocio, cvrsto je zagrlio. Oboje su plakali. Kristijan je rekao "stacemo Tea, sta da radimo, da bi smo zivjeli srecno?". Ona ga je gledala i njegove plave oci, a suze su joj postale teget.
Cutala je i jecala.
Voz je vec krenuo "zbogom Tea, mozda cemo se nekad sresti. Ja odlazim a ti znaj da te jos uvjek volim".
Dugo je mahao, a ona je stajala i dugo mahala za vozom. Nekako je nasla put do kuce i odma je otisla u svoju sobu.
Odlucila je da se ubije. Kad su joj roditelji otisli na posao, jos je uvjek sjedila u svojoj sobi i razmisljala. Bio je Petak 13. Usla je u kupatilo i pustala toplu vodu u i usla u kadu. Pocela je histericno da se smije drzeci zivot u rukama, dok je umirala govorila je Kristijanovo ime.
Tea je polako i sigurno koracala u smrt.
Otac je usao u kupatilo i poceo je da vice "ja sam kriv za sve, za sve!". "Ja sam je ubio!". Zena ga nije razumila, ali kad je dosla pala je u nesvjest.
Dosla je hitna pomoc, ali je bilo prekasno.
U njenoj sobi su nasli pismo, pisalo je:
"Nemoj da se ljutis na mene. Ovo je bilo najbolje i najlakse resjenje. Nije me bolilo. Moj Kristijan je otisao iz grada a ja za uvjek iz ovoga svijeta. Vi ste jos mladi. Ako budete imali kcerku, dajte joj ime Tea. Neka ima ono sve sto nisam ja imala. Neka bude srecna.
I poslije svega VOLI VAS VASA TEA".
Dan poslije Teine smrti stiglo je pismo od Kristijanovih roditelja, pisalo je:
Draga nasa Tea
"Kristijan nije vise ziv. Od kada se vratio, djelovao je nikako, izgubljeno. Bio je petak 13. Ovdje je padala kisa, nije htjeo da ponese kisobran, neznam zasto. Drug mu je rakao da se skloni sa puta zato sto su kola nailazila, Kristijan ga nije poslusao i kola su ga udarila. Na smrt nam je rekao: "Ja moram svojoj Tei, ona me zove."
Dao mi je adresu da ti napisem DA TE JE PUNO VOLJEO.
Love does not hurt. Physical and/or emotional abuse are not a part of love. Love is not manipulative, it should not be used to get others to do what you want. You should never give in to demands based on the, "You would do it if you loved me!" tactic. Love is an intense feeling of caring for another person. It can take many different forms (romantic, friendly, familial) but it is always about caring. Although it is true that a big part of love is putting another person's happiness ahead of your own this never includes compromising your values or being untrue to yourself. If somebody asks you to do something that you don't want to do in order to "prove" your love they do not love you the way you might think they do. When you love another person you don't ask them to sacrifice a part of themselves in the name of that love. It is very easy to confuse lust for love. The true measure of romantic love is commitment and trust not physical attraction. It is possible to feel romantic love for more than one person at a given time. Just think, if it is possible for you to love both of your parents at the same time why would it be impossible to feel romantic love for two people at once? Don't beat yourself up emotionally if you find yourself in this unhappy situation. But be sure to remain single and be open and honest with all parties about your feelings and confusion. Sex is NOT love. Love is NOT sex. Sex can be a part of romantic love but it is never mandatory. Romantic love can (and often does) fade. When it goes there is not always a reason. When somebody falls out of love with you it does not reflect upon your value as a person or your desirability. Love should make you feel happy, secure and appreciated.